The 고페이 알바 academic careers of young women in STEM fields have been the primary focus of previous studies on the obstacles that prevent postgraduate study in STEM fields. On the other hand, there is a paucity of information about the attitudes toward STEM fields held by adolescents, as well as the ways in which these attitudes vary between male and female students. Research have indicated that young women have a more prominent gender stereotype of math and science than young men do, and that the influence of this stereotype on female students’ career goals is different from that of male students’ career aspirations. In this research, we examined the professional obstacles faced by secondary school students majoring in STEM fields who were either male (n = 14) or female (n = 14). We discovered that male students saw mathematics as less manly than female students did, whereas female students saw science as less feminine than male students did (Der et al., 2015).
Our research indicates that a strong image of masculinity associated with mathematics has a more detrimental influence on the likelihood of male secondary school pupils pursuing a field of study in the STEM fields than does the gender stereotype. Credibility A further topic that was discussed in ten out of the fourteen focus groups was the notion that females do not do as well as boys do in terms of STEM. This view was brought up by a number of participants. This was often reinforced by male colleagues who were more equipped to carry out administrative responsibilities than female scientists. Being exposed to a male-dominated atmosphere While this issue was brought up by female students in all of the focus groups, it was more prominent among female students than it was among male students in the other groups. It was often accompanied by the sensation of being out of place and of not being treated similarly to male colleagues working in STEM fields.
Several of the interviewees also reported having personally unfavorable experiences, like as being objectified sexually, not being offered leadership responsibilities, or being considered as less capable than males. Lack of Confidence Several of the women surveyed expressed feeling as if they lacked confidence in their abilities in STEM disciplines. Many women had the impression that their physical appearance was evaluated more critically than men’s. Communication-Related Biases A number of individuals claimed that they have been assessed based on both their looks and how they communicated.
The general idea that women in STEM fields are held to different standards than males was discussed in all 14 of the focus groups. Under the context of the focus groups, sexual harassment was not seen as a minor issue. Women who worked in male-dominated fields like engineering and science were more likely to report experiencing sexual harassment than women who worked in female-dominated fields. Women are held to a different set of standards about communication as a result of societal stereotypes than males are. A participant in a focus group heard from a woman who worked in the computer industry that her male coworkers were more critical of her than her other male colleagues. Another woman said that she had the impression that her place of employment was not supportive of female employees. “Exploring Communication Stereotypes Put Expectations on Women in STEM Careers,” by Der, E.P., et al., was published in 2015.
There are significant educational gaps between the sexes, which contribute to the gender disparity in engineering. Women are more likely than men to have lower levels of education and less work experience. Women who have a postgraduate degree are less likely to work in engineering than those who have only completed undergraduate studies. Gender discrimination in recruitment, hiring, and promotions is a primary reason why women are underrepresented in engineering jobs.
For example, women who work in STEM occupations have the lowest percentages of full-time students who go on to earn a college degree, while non-STEM majors have an even mix of males and females enrolled. One of the most damaging ideas is the concept of the “Math Brain,” which has been disproven by scientific research. Engineering majors, such as computer science and information science, have the most male-dominant work forces.